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G. Wayne Clough

Secretary Emeritus, Smithsonian Institution; President Emeritus, Georgia Institute of Technology
Geosystems Engineering
Mason 2259
404/385-2755
wayne.clough@ce.gatech.edu

BIOGRAPHY

  • Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1969
  • M.S.C.E., Georgia Institute of Technology, 1965
  • B.S.C.E., Georgia Institute of Technology, 1964

Wayne Clough served as the 10th President of the Georgia Institute of Technology from 1994 to 2008 and as the 12th Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution from 2008 to 2014. He previously held faculty appointments at Duke University, Stanford University and Virginia Polytechnic and State University, where he also served as Chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Dean of the College of Engineering. He was Provost and Vice President of the University of Washington just before coming to Georgia Tech. Shortly after Clough became president, the Institute served as the Olympic Village for the 1996 Centennial Olympic Games and home to two of the competition venues. During Clough’s tenure, Georgia Tech’s national rankings rose into the top 10 among public universities. The student population increased from 13,000 to 18,000, and funding for external research more than doubled from slightly more than $200 million to $425 million. Clough was the first alumnus to serve as president of the Institute: he earned a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering in 1964 and a master’s in the field in 1965. During his tenure, two successful national fundraising campaigns were undertaken, resulting in increases in endowed faculty positions, support for student leadership programs, and new cross-disciplinary research initiatives. The G. Wayne Clough Georgia Tech Promise Scholarship was created, allowing financially disadvantaged students to graduate without accruing debt. As of 2014, more than 600 students from 87 counties in Georgia have benefited from Tech Promise. Now ranked nationally, the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering at Georgia Tech and Emory was created in 1997. More than a billion dollars was invested in new buildings and campus improvements, including the four-building Biotechnology Complex, Technology Square (which extended the campus across Interstates 75 and 85 into Midtown Atlanta), the Marcus Nanotechnology Building, a new state-of-the-art Campus Recreation Center, and the 220,000 square-foot Undergraduate Learning Commons. The platinum LEED certified academic facility intended to enrich the undergraduate academic environment and present innovative learning opportunities was subsequently named for Clough. As Secretary of the Smithsonian, Clough led the development of a new form of strategic plan that brought focus to the diverse activities of the world’s largest research and museum complex and established a path forward for the 21st century. His tenure was marked by a number of firsts for the Smithsonian including a national fundraising campaign, a national branding initiative, an institution-wide commitment to sustainability, formation of an Office of Smithsonian Education, creation of an office for cross-disciplinary research funded by a $10 million grant from the Gates Foundation, development of the Marine Global Earth Observatories network, establishment of a systematic set of research partnerships with sister federal agencies and universities, and laying the framework for the Digital Smithsonian. During his tenure, more than $1 billion in philanthropic gifts were raised, creating new endowed positions for museum and research center directors, scholarships and fellowships, and providing funding for new buildings and exhibitions. More than 600 exhibitions were offered while he was Secretary, and he presided over more than $1 billion in renovation and new construction projects, including the new National Museum for African American History, the Mathias Environmental Research Laboratory at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Sant Ocean Hall and the Hall of Human Origins at the National Museum of Natural History, Flag Hall at the National Museum of American History, the Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum in New York City, the Seals and Sea Lions Exhibit and the Elephant House at the National Zoo, and the campus for the new Smithsonian-Mason School of Biological Conservation at the Smithsonian Biological Conservation Institute in Front Royal Virginia. Clough, a native of Douglas, Georgia, received bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Georgia Tech in civil engineering and a Ph.D. in civil engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Clough has earned numerous awards and honors during his career. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1990 and was awarded its Arthur M. Beuche Medal in 2008 for national service in public policy. He has received nine awards from the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), including two Norman Medals, the oldest award of ASCE, and the OPAL Award for lifetime achievement. He received Georgia Tech’s Joseph M. Petit Award for Distinguished Service in 2009 and was named to the Technology Hall of Fame of Georgia in the same year. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2010 and received the Medal of the Foreign Policy Association in 2011. He was awarded the Ralph Coates Roe Medal of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 2013. In 2014, he received the President’s Medal of Emory University and the Silver Order of the de Fleury Medal of the Army Corps of Engineers for his service in the rebuilding of the hurricane protection system in New Orleans. In 2016 he received the Engineering Excellence and Leadership Award from George Mason University. Clough has received 12 Honorary Doctorates from universities and colleges. His most recent publications are Increasing Scientific Literacy: A Shared Responsibility in 2010 and The Best of Both Worlds: The Digital Future of Museums, Libraries and Archives in 2013. Seeing The Universe From Here: Field Notes from the Smithsonian is currently in press.

RESEARCH INTERESTS

  • Higher education
  • Civil engineering design and construction
  • Digital learning communities
  • Climate change - Engineering solutions
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Geotechnical engineering

HONORS & AWARDS

  • Engineering Excellence and Leadership Award, George Mason University, 2016
  • James Smithson Medal, Smithsonian Institution, 2015
  • Honorary Doctorate of Engineering and Humane Letters, Northeastern University, 2015
  • Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2015
  • Emory University President’s Medal, 2014
  • Kenneth Andrew Roe Award, American Association of Engineering Societies, 2014
  • The Silver Order of the de Fleury Medal, Army Corps of Engineers, 2014
  • Honorary Doctorate of Engineering, Drexel University, 2013
  • Ralph Coats Roe Medal, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013
  • Distinguished Alumnus, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, 2013
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, University of Alabama, Huntsville, 2012
  • National Honor Member, Chi Epsilon, 2012
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, University of Alabama, Huntsville, 2012
  • Honorary Doctorate of Public Service, American University, 2012
  • Honorary Doctorate of Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 2011
  • G. Wayne Clough Undergraduate Learning Commons Building, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011
  • Foundation Award, Promotion of Russian-American Science Collaboration; American-Russian Cultural Cooperation Foundation, 2011
  • Foreign Policy Association Medal, 2011
  • Engineering Hall of Fame, College of Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011
  • Membership, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2010
  • President's Award, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2010
  • Trustee Citation Award for Visionary Leadership, Midwest Research Institute, 2010
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, 2010
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, Williams College, 2010
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, Oglethorpe University, 2010
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, Florida Southern College, 2009
  • Honorary Doctorate of Engineering, University of South Carolina, 2009
  • Technology Hall of Fame of Georgia, 2009
  • Joseph M. Pettit Alumni Distinguished Service Award, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2009
  • Eagle Award, ARCS Foundation, Metropolitan Washington Chapter, 2009
  • Honorary Diplomat, (Hon.D.GE), Academy of Geo-Professionals, 2009
  • Arthur M. Bueche Award, National Academy of Engineering, 2008
  • Key to the City of Douglas, Georgia, 2007
  • Honorary Mole, Association of the Moles, 2005
  • Honorary Doctorate of Science, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2005
  • OPAL Award for Lifetime Achievement, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2004
  • Distinguished Alumnus, College of Engineering, University California Berkeley, 2004
  • Honorary Member, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2002
  • National Engineering Award, American Association of Engineering Societies, 2002
  • Distinguished Fiji, Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta, 2000
  • Norman Medal, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1996
  • Karl von Terzaghi Award, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1994
  • State of the Art Award, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1991
  • Lewis A. Hester Chair, Virginia Tech, 1990
  • Membership, National Academy of Engineering, 1990
  • George Westinghouse Award, American Society of Engineering Education, 1986
  • Norman Medal, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1982
  • Huber Research Prize, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1977
  • Collingwood Prize, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1975
  • Collingwood Prize, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1972

RECENT PUBLICATIONS & PRESENTATIONS

ARTICLES
  • Clough, G.W., Chameau, J.L., Carmichael, C. “Sustainability and the University,” The Presidency, Winter 2006.
  • Chameau, J.L, Clough. G.W., Frost, J.D., and Reyna, F. “Liquefaction Characteristics of San Francisco Bayshore Fills,” Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1551-B, 1998.
  • Martin, J.R. and Clough, G.W. “Seismic Parameters from Liquefaction Evidence.” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 8, August 1994, pp. 1345- 1361.
  • Clough, G.W. and Leca, E. “EPB Tunneling Experience on Washington Metro.” Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, ASCE, Vol. 119, No. 10, October 1993, pp. 1640-1656.
  • Leca, E. and Clough, G.W. “Preliminary Design for NATM Tunnel Supports.” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 118, No. 4, April 1992, pp. 558-575.
BOOKS
  • The Best of Both Worlds: The Digital Future of Museums, Archives and Libraries, 2013, 73pp.
  • Increasing Scientific Literacy: A Shared Responsibility, Smithsonian Institution, 2011, 69pp.
  • Collaborative Publication: National Academy of Engineering and the National Research Council, “Report of the New Orleans Regional Hurricane Protection Projects” (Committee Chair), 2009.
  • Collaborative Publication: U.S. Council on Competitiveness, “National Innovation Initiative” (Committee Co-Chair), 2004.
  • Collaborative Publication: The National Academy of Engineering, “The Engineer of 2020” (Committee Chair), 2004.
PROCEEDINGS
  • Clough, G.W. “Issues in Academic Settings: Realignment of Roles of Science and Engineering in a Changing Research Environment.” AAAS Science and Technology Policy Yearbook, 1997, pp. 393-402.
  • Rahardjo, P.P., Brandon, T. L., Clough, G.W. “Study of Cone Penetration Resistance of Silty Sand in The Calibration Chamber.” International Symposium on Cone Penetration Testing, Svenska Geotekniska Foreningen, Vol. 2, October 1995, pp. 577–582.
  • Brandon, T.L. and Clough, G.W. “Methods of Sample Fabrication in the Virginia Tech Calibration Chamber.” Proceedings, 1st International Symposium on Calibration Chamber Testing, Clarkson University, June 1991.
  • Clough, G.W. and Martin, J.R. “Geotechnical Setting for Liquefaction Events in the Charleston, S.C. Vicinity.” Proceedings, H.B. Seed Memorial Symposium, Vol. 2, Bi Tech Publishers, 1990, pp. 313–334.
  • Clough, G.W. “Designated Sites for Geotechnical Experimentation in the United States.” Keynote Address, Proceedings, NSF Workshop on Field Sites for Geotechnical Testing, University of New Hampshire, November 1988, pp. 11–19.
PRESENTATIONS
  • Distinguished Lecture, “Climate Change: An Engineering Grand Challenge for Our Age”, Neil and Maurita Stueck Distinguished Lecture for Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 2016
  • Distinguished Lecture, “Climate Change: Engineering Reality into the Debate”, Hugh and Ethel Kelly Lecture, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2015
  • Opening Remarks, “Engineering and the Joy of Living”, Session 4 Chair: Joy of Living Grand Challenge, Chinese Academy of Engineering, U.S. National Academy of Engineering, Royal Academy of Engineering 2nd Global Grand Challenges Summit, Beijing, China, 2015
  • Panelist, “10 years After Katrina: Are American Cities Ready?” Georgia Institute of Technology and National Academy of Engineering Round Table Discussion, Washington D.C., 2015
  • Capstone Address, “A New Era for Conservation Biology: The Smithsonian View”, 95th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mammalogists (ASM), 2015