Seminar - Photothermal Membranes for Energy-Efficient Water Purification

Where: 
Ford Environmental Science and Technology Building, Room L1205
When: 
Tuesday, June 18, 2019 - 15:30

 

Dr. Young-Shin Jun, PhD
Department of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Washington University in St. Louis
 
Abstract:

Global socioeconomic development and increased energy production require unprecedented amounts of fresh water. In response, membrane technologies have been actively pursued for energy-efficient water purification and reclamation. However, membrane fouling remains a vexing problem and treating highly saline water is still challenging. To tackle this problem, we utilize photothermal effects (sunlight-heat conversion in nanostructures) and made new photothermal membranes to achieve fouling resistant and energy-efficient (and ultimately near-zero energy input) water treatment. This seminar will introduce two new photothermal membranes: Anti-biofouling photothermal ultrafiltration membrane and photothermal membrane distillation (PMD). First, we made anti- biofouling membranes by in situ incorporation of graphene oxide (GO) flakes into bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) during its growth. Then the membrane was base-washed, chemically reducing GO to form an (RGO)/BNC membrane. Owing to the high photothermal efficiency of the RGO/BNC membrane, sunlight irradiation can locally increase the membrane temperature and hinder microbial growth and biofilm formation. In the second type of novel membranes, we made a simple, stable, and scalable polydopamine (PDA)-coated polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membrane for highly efficient solar-driven PMD. Using a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) system under 0.75 kW/m2 solar irradiation, our membrane shows the best energy efficiency among existing photothermal MD membranes (45%) and the highest water flux (0.49 kg/m2·h). This performance was facilitated by the broad light absorption and outstanding photothermal conversion properties of PDA coatings. In addition, the hydrophobicity achieved by fluoro-silanization gives the membrane long-term wetting resistance and high salt rejection (> 99.9%). More importantly, the chemical stability of the PDA coating on PVDF makes the composite membrane an outstanding candidate for real-world photothermal water treatments.

Biography:

Dr. Young-Shin Jun is a Professor of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering (EECE) at Washington University in St. Louis, where she leads the Environmental NanoChemistry Laboratory. She received her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from Ewha Womans University (South Korea), holds Master’s and PhD degrees in Environmental Chemistry from Harvard University, MA, and conducted postdoctoral research at the University of California-Berkeley/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA. Professor Jun received a 2011 U.S. National Science Foundation CAREER award, and was named a 2015 Kavli Fellow by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, a 2016 Frontier of Engineering Fellow by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, and a 2018 Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry.